INDEX OF NAVAL 

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS

 

 
HMS COLOSSUS 

 Light Fleet Carrier
renamed Arromanches (France) 1946

 
 
History
Collossus was built by Vickers Armstrong, Newcastle, laid down 1 June 1942, launched 30 September 1943 and commissioned 16 December 1944. Broken up at Toulon 1978.

The Collossus Class ships were scaled down versions of the Illustrious class but with a large aircraft compliment achieved by a lack of armour. Designed for rapid construction in merchant yards to make up for the shortfall in carriers but much more capable than escort carriers.


Corsairs FG-1D MkIV No1846Sqdn HMSColossus, Oct1945-April 1946
Private photo collection of Ron Davis

Collossus's wartime service included duties as part of the British Pacific Fleet 1945-1946.


Vought Corsair IV KD780/122-D of 1846 Squadron, HMS Colossus, 1945. This aircraft was delivered the Royal Navy in February 1945, and embarked on Colossus where it saw no action

Collossus was loaned to France as Arromanches from August 1946, sent to the Indochina conflict in 1948 for three months, returned to France January 1949and subsequently purchased by France in 1951. She returned to the Indochina conflict in August 1952. Reconstructed with 4 degree angled flight deck 1957-58. Converted to ASW carrier 1968 operating 24 helicopters. Decommissioned 1974, broken up at Toulon 1978.

Battle Honours
No information

Captains
No information on Captains.

Squadrons and Aircraft

FAA squadrons embarked Dates Aircraft type
827  Jan 1945-July 1946 Barracuda II
1846 Jan 1945-July 1946 Corsair IV

Associations and Reunions
HMS Colossus (see 14th Carrier Air Group)


Carrier name HMS Colossus 
(later renamed Arromanches(France)
Class Colossus
Type Light Fleet Aircraft Carrier
Ships in Class Colossus, Vengeance, Venerable, Pioneer, Glory, Ocean, Perseus, Theseus, Triumph, Warrior
Launched Laid down 1 June 1942. Launched 30 September 1943. Commissioned 16 December 1944.
Tonnage Displacement: 13,400 tons standard ; 18,330 tons full load
Engines Propulsion: Steam Turbines (4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines), 40,000 shp.
Speed in Knots Speed: 25 knots
Armament Guns: 24 x 2 pdr AA ; 32 x 20 mm 
Crew Complement Compliment: 1300 (including air group)
Range  Range: 12,000 nmiles at 14 knots
Length (ft/inches) Dimensions: 630 pp, 650 wl, 695 oa x 80 x 23.5 feet
Beam (ft/inches)  
Draught (ft/inches)  
Flight Deck length (ft/inches)  
Flight Deck width (ft/inches)  
Armour  
Number of aircraft carried Aircraft: 48
Fate of carrier Decommissioned 1974, broken up at Toulon 1978
Notes Scaled down version of Illustrious class but with a large aircraft compliment achieved by a lack of armour. Designed for rapid construction in merchant yards to make up for the shortfall in carriers but much more capable than escort carriers. Perseus and Pioneer were completed as maintenance carriers without catapults. After the war various units of the class were sold or reconstructed with angled decks or as helicopter carriers.

 
FURTHER INFORMATION
 
Private photo collection of Ron Davis Photos of Corsairs 1945-1946 from father of Ron who was a FAA mechanic
Warship web and the French carriers  http://warships1.com/FREcvl03_Arromanches.htm his ship was originally the name ship of the British Collossus class. Loaned to France from the Royal Navy after WWII, she was eventually bought by France and used mainly as an ASW asset.
British Forces.com and HMS Colossus Further information about the ship.
Ships website and HMS AVENGER Escort carrier   Details and history of HMS AVENGER Escort carrier 
FAA SIG Profile of Vought Corsair IV HMS Colossus, 1945 
An A-Z of Aircraft Profiles by FAUCONBERG AEROGRAPHICS, VOUGHT CORSAIR Mk. IV, Commander Flying, Royal Navy, H.M.S. Colossus, Late 1945.
World Aircraft Carrier Lists and Photo Gallery - from 1913 to 2000. Naval History Information Center, Haze Gray & Underway
Sturtivant, R & Ballance, T  (1994). 'The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm' Published by Air Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994 ISBN: 0 85130 223 8

The World’s Warships 1941 by Francis E. McMurtrie (1944). Jane's London 1941 1st ed. 

Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II by Francis E. McMurtrie (Editor)(1984). 320 pages. Crescent Books; ISBN: 0517679639

 
       Last Modified: 23-2-2001



 
 

Return to Home Page

 

This page is published by Fleet Air Arm Archive and is updated regularly.
© 2000-2001 All rights reserved for all information created for or on behalf of the Fleet Air Arm Archive
Contact email: drucker@fleetairarmarchive.net