Assault and Assault Escort

Ex USS Carnegie CVE/AVG-38. 


HMS Empress (D-42) was built by the USA at Seattle-Tacoma, being laid down 9 September 1942 as USS Carnegie CVE/AVG-38. and launched 30 December 1942. She was transferred to the Royal Navy on 8 June 1943 and commissioned 9 August 1943.

Empress was in the third group of escort carriers built in the USA for the Royal Navy, which were generally similar to the "Attacker" Class. The modifications carried out to the earlier class after their arrival in the UK were incorporated in the "Ruler" Class during construction. Many of the class were used as amphibious support carriers, taking part in the invasion of Southern France. Others supported Eastern Fleet operations against Burma and Malaya, and some served with the British Pacific Fleet as escorts for the Fleet Train.

HMS Empress was an assault carrier and fighter carrier which saw war service in the Atlantic and East Indies. She supported Eastern Fleet operations against Burma and Malaya in 1945. She was returned to the USN on 4 February  1946 and scrapped.

Battle Honours
Atlantic 1944, Burma 1945.

No information on Captains.

Model of HMS Empress Hellcat B-8H, 1945

Squadrons and Aircraft

FAA squadrons embarked Dates Aircraft type
850 Jan-April 1944 Avenger I
804 dt Feb-March 1945 Hellcat II
845 Feb-March 1945 Avenger I
888 Feb-March 1945 Hellcat II
804 April 1945 Hellcat II
845 May-June 1945 Avenger I
888 May-June 1945 Hellcat II
896 June-Sept 1945 Hellcat II

Associations and Reunions
No information

Carrier name HMS Empress Ex USS Carnegie CVE/AVG-38
Class Ruler
Type Assault and Fighter Escort Carrier (US built)
Ships in Class Ameer, Arbiter, Atheling, Begum, Emperor, Empress, Khedive, Nabob, Patroller, Premier, Puncher, Queen, Rajah, Ranee, Reaper, Ruler, Shah, Slinger, Smiter, Speaker, Thane, Trouncer, Trumpeter
Launched Laid down 9 Sept 1942. Launched 30 Dec 1942. Transferred 8 June 1943, Commissioned 9 Aug 1943
Tonnage 8,333 tons

Gross displacement 14,000 tons

Load 5667 tons

Engines 2 x Foster-Wheeler boilers; 2 x Westinghouse geared turbines at 8500 shp, 1 shaft
Speed in Knots 18 knots 
Armament Gun 2 x 1 x 5"/38-cal DP 8 x 2 x 40mm AA 27-35 x 1 x 20mm AA 
Crew Complement 646 Officers & Ratings including Air Group
Length (ft/inches) 496
Beam (ft/inches) 69' 6"
Draught (ft/inches) 23'3"
Flight Deck length (ft/inches) 470'
Flight Deck width (ft/inches) 70'
Number of aircraft carried 18-24
Fate of carrier  retuned to USN 4 February 1946 and scrapped

World Aircraft Carrier Lists and Photo Gallery - from 1913 to 2000. Naval History Information Center, Haze Gray & Underway  
Navsource archives: HMS  EMPRESS  
Sturtivant, R & Ballance, T  (1994). 'The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm' Published by Air Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994 ISBN: 0 85130 223 8

The World’s Warships 1941 by Francis E. McMurtrie (1944). Jane's London 1941 1st ed. 

Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II by Francis E. McMurtrie (Editor)(1984). 320 pages. Crescent Books; ISBN: 0517679639

       Last Modified: 23-2-2001


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