INDEX OF NAVAL
Light Fleet Carrier
The British 'Colossus' class aircraft carriers saw a great deal of service after World War II. In December 1945, HMS Ocean became the first aircraft carrier to receive landings by a jet aircraft, on 3 December 1945 off the Isle of White.
After the Second World War, five 'Colossus' class carriers were employed
by the Royal Navy off Korea as part of the British and Commonwealth contingent
of the UN forces, She made two tours: The first was from 5 May - 8 November,
1952, and the second from 17 May 1953 to theend of hostilities. During
this time, on 9 August 1952 a propeller-driven Sea Fury fighter flown by
Lt. Peter (Hoagy) Carmichael in Sea Fury WJ232/114-O from HMS Ocean shot
down a MiG-15 fighter - the unique distinction, of being the pilot of the
only piston-engined aircraft, to shoot down a jet-engined aircraft.
Model of Hawker Sea Fury FB.11 depicts that of Lt. Peter (Hoagy) Carmichael flying WJ232, 114-O
when his flight engaged and shot down a Mig-15s in Korea.
Subsequently, Ocean acted as a Commando carrier during the Suez crisis in November 1956, as part of the Royal Navy Combat Naval Force composed by three carriers HMS Eagle, HMS Albion and HMS Bulwark, two helicopter carriers HMS Thesus and HMS Ocean and their escort of destroyers, escorts, frigates, submarines, auxiliaries, and amphibious ships.
Ocean was placed in reserve in 1957 and stricken 1960. Broken up at Faslane from May 1962.
None in World War II
None in World War II.
Squadrons and Aircraft
FAA squadrons embarked Dates Aircraft type 892 Nov 1945-April 1946 Hellcat IINF
Associations and Reunions
HMS Ocean Association
Contact: D.J.Lord MBE, 74 Montague Close, Walton on Thames, Surrey. KT12 2NG.
Carrier name HMS Ocean Class Colossus Type Light Fleet Aircraft Carrier Ships in Class Colossus, Vengeance, Venerable, Pioneer, Glory, Ocean, Perseus, Theseus, Triumph, Warrior Launched Laid down 8 November 1942. Launched 8 July 1944. Commissioned 8 August 1945. Tonnage Displacement: 13,400 tons standard ; 18,330 tons full load Engines Propulsion: Steam Turbines (4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers, 2 shafts, Parsons geared turbines), 40,000 shp. Speed in Knots Speed: 25 knots Armament Guns: 24 x 2 pdr AA ; 32 x 20 mm Crew Complement Compliment: 1300 (including air group) Range Range: 12,000 nmiles at 14 knots Length (ft/inches) Dimensions: 630 pp, 650 wl, 695 oa x 80 x 23.5 feet Beam (ft/inches) Draught (ft/inches) Flight Deck length (ft/inches) Flight Deck width (ft/inches) Armour Number of aircraft carried Aircraft: 48 Fate of carrier Stricken 1960. Broken up 1962. Notes Scaled down version of Illustrious class but with a large aircraft compliment achieved by a lack of armour. Designed for rapid construction in merchant yards to make up for the shortfall in carriers but much more capable than escort carriers. Perseus and Pioneer were completed as maintenance carriers without catapults. After the war various units of the class were sold or reconstructed with angled decks or as helicopter carriers.
FURTHER INFORMATION Further information about the new HMS Ocean. HMS Ocean - in Britain's Small wars website Details of HMS Oceans' two tours in Korea 1952-1953 SUEZ CANAL WAR (1956) by the French Fleet Air Arm website French Fleet Air Arm website information about the Suez crisis Naval History online 1922-1945 Sturtivant, R & Ballance, T (1994). 'The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm' Published by Air Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994 ISBN: 0 85130 223 8
The World’s Warships 1941 by Francis E. McMurtrie (1944). Janes London 1941 1st ed.
Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II by Francis E. McMurtrie (Editor)(1984). 320 pages. Crescent Books; ISBN: 0517679639
World Aircraft Carrier Lists and Photo Gallery - from 1913 to 2000. Naval History Information Center, Haze Gray & Underway