SHIPBREAKERS AND SCRAPYARDS AND THE FLEET AIR ARM

 

HMS Glory being towed for scrapping at Inverkeithing on 23 August 1961

Shipbuilding is one of the oldest industries in the United Kingdom, and in the past it was of the largest, most important industries in the land. With the advent of costly Iron ships at the end of their day, this led to the inevitable expansion of the shipbreaking or scrapyard industry. Despite its vast contributions to our nation, shipbuilding is often an overlooked or forgotten industry.

These pages attempt to summarise a little of the main shipbreakers and scrapyards in the UK and worldwide, who scrapped the aircraft carriers used by the Fleet Air Arm. The information is not meant to be comprehesive and reflects the fact that very little is to be found about this one of the first ever recycling industries.


UNITED KINGDOM



BLYTHE

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Alexia "MA" ( Ianthina ) 1954
    • Campania 1955


BRITON FERRY

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Adula "MQ" 1953


CAIRN RYAN

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Bulwark 1984
    • Centaur 1972

FASLANE
 
 

Faslane Harbour was built during the Second World War as an additional docking facility to counter the possible destruction of London's docks as well as docks of other cities. Faslane is officially called HMS Neptune, because in the Royal Navy a shore Establishment is commissioned as one of Her Majesty's Ships, and officers and ratings assigned duty at the facility are recorded as being appointed to HMS Neptune. HMS Caledonia situated in the Rosyth area, is a subordinate command of HMS Neptune and provides support to naval personnel standing by ships and submarines in refit at Rosyth.

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Albion 1973
    • Empire MacColl "MB" (British Pilot.) 1962
    • Illustrious 1956
    • Indomitable 1955
    • Leviathan 1968
    • Magnificent 1965
    • Nairana (scrapped as Karel Doorman I) 1971
    • Ocean 1962
    • Thane 1947
    • Vindictive 1947
    • Victorious 1969


GRAYS YARD, ESSEX

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Ark Royal I (scrapped as Anita I) 1950


 


INVERKEITHING


INVERKEITHING with the three battleships HMS Rodney, Revenge and Nelson being scrapped 24 May 1949

Inverkeithing municipality's foreshore possesses the ship-breaker's yard. The town was granted a Royal Charter by William I in 1165, making it one of the oldest Royal Burghs in Scotland. Inverkeithing breakers yard - Many famous ships have said their final farewell from this dock, including the Mauritania.(see Website)

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Argus 1946
    • Formidable 1953
    • Glory 1961
    • Implacable 1955
    • Pioneer 1954
    • Theseus 1962


PORT GLASGOW
 

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Perseus 1958

 



Rossyth submarine hulks



TROON

Troon, an excellent and imposing sea port, in the parish of Dundonald, is situate 75
miles south- west from Edinburgh, 31 sw from Glasgow, 9 sw from Kilmarnock,
and 5 s from Irvine. Under the patronage of his Grace the Duke of Portland in the1800s , this place advance to a degree of eminence, and became one of the most important sea-ports on the west coast of Scotland

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Furious 1948
    • Indefatigable 1956
    • Unicorn 1960


UNITED KINGDOM - Location not specified

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Ark Royal III 1978/1980
    • Eagle 1978


ARGENTINA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Warrior (scrapped as Indepencia) 1971


AUSTRALIA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • HMAS Melbourne 1983


BELGIUM

ANTWERP

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Tracker (scrapped as Correntes) 1964


BRAZIL

BUENOS AIRES

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Shah (scrapped as Salta) 1966


MILHARA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Reaper (scrapped as South Africa Star) 1967


CHINA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Empire MacAndrew "MK" (Patricia) 1970
    • Empire MacDermott "MS" (Starlight) 1970s?


FRANCE

LA SEINE

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Acavus "MA" (Iacara) 1963


TOULON

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Colossus 1978


GERMANY

HAMBURG

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Smiter (scrapped as President Garcia) 1967


GREECE

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Albatross (scrapped as Hellanic Prince) 1954


HONG KONG

Hongkong Salvage & Towage Company

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Attacker (scrapped as Philippine Tourist) 1980
    • Athene (scrapped as Clan Brodie) 1963
    • Empire MacAlpine "MH" (Pacific Endeavour) 1970
    • Empire Mahon "MJ" (Naninia ) 1956
    • Empire MacCabe "ML" (Easthill Escort) 1962
    • Miralda "MW" (Marisa) 1960
    • Rapana "MV" (Rotula) 1958


INDIA


Alang, Gujarat, India, 2000

ALANG

Alang ship breaking yard, based in Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India
Alang, India - 6 mile beach. They will add to the long ranks of broken hulks -- from Norway, Japan, Greece, Russia -- that meet their end on the 190 plots here. Alang exists because of the tide. It is one of those places -- like the Bay of Fundy in Canada -- where a host of geographical circumstances come together to create exceptionally large differences between the twice-daily high and low tides. Coupled with a soft, shelving beach, the tides at Alang make shipbreaking possible with a minimum of construction. There are no piers or drydocks. Ships are simply run onto the shore. The U.S. Navy, which could soon send dozens of ships here, has had a handful of vessels scrapped in Alang in recent years. The USS Bennington, for example, came here in 1995.

Alang linked companies:


IME ship breaking


Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):
The recently de-commissioned former WW2 built British aircraft carriers of Latin America and India may well end their days here.

    • The carrier Veintecinco De Mayo (Ex HMS Venerable) was reportedly towed away for scrapping at Alang in India in 1999 (see reference). Current status unknown.


ITALY

LA SPEZIA
 

    • Amastra "MD" (Idas) 1955
    • Ancylus "MF" (Imbricaria) 1954
    • Charger (scrapped as Liner Fairsea) 1968
    • Emperor 1946
    • Empress 1946
    • Fencer (scrapped as Caribia 2) 1975


VADO

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Atheling 1967


JAPAN

KOBE

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Activity (scrapped as Breconshire) 1967


OSAKA

 

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Empire MacCallum "MN" (Phorkyss) 1960


NETHERLANDS

ROTTERDAM

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Empire MacKay "MH" (British Swordfish.) 1959


SPAIN

CASTELLON

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Trumpeter (scrapped as Irene Valmas) 1971


VALENCIA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Hunter (scrapped as Almdijk) 1965


SPAIN (no location specified)

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Engadine (scrapped as Clan Bucanan) 1962
    • Khedive (scrapped as Daphne) 1975
    • Pretoria Castle (scrapped as Warwick Castle) 1962
    • Triumph 1982


SOUTH KOREA

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Terrible (scrapped as HMAS Sydney) 1975


TAIWAN

KAOHSIUNG

Kaohsiung city is the second largest city of Taiwan, and a heavy industrial centre. Its manufactures include petroleum products, metals, ships, and fertilizer. Strategically located on the main sea route between Northeast Asia and Indian Ocean. Taiwan's largest port, it is also the largest container trans-shipment centre in East Asia, the third largest international container port and the tenth largest port in the world by volume. With a water surface area navigation channels, the harbour accommodates ships of 100,000 tons and more.

Taiwan-based entrepreneur Wang Y-Yen, a leading figure in the Kaohsiung shipbreaking industry when it was the biggest in the world, is at an advanced state of negotiations to
establish a joint venture demolition operation in China.

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Ameer (scrapped as Robin Kerk) 1969
    • Arbiter (scrapped as Lucky Two) 1972
    • Begum (scrapped as I-Yung) 1974
    • Chaser (scrapped as E-Yung) 1972
    • Empire MacRae "MU" (Despina P) 1971
    • Patroller (scrapped as Pacific Alliance) 1974
    • Premier (scrapped as Hong Kong Knight) 1974
    • Puncher (scrapped as Ben Nevis) 1973
    • Queen (scrapped as Luck One) 1972
    • Ravager (scrapped as Trent) 1973
    • Slinger (scrapped as Robin Mowray) 1948
    • Speaker (scrapped as Lucky Three) 1972
    • Trouncer (scrapped as Ben Rinnes) 1973
    • Vindex (scrapped as MV Port Vindex) 1971


TAIWAN (no specified location)

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Nabob (scrapped as MV Glory) 1977
    • Powerful (scrapped as HMCS Bonaventure) 1971
    • Pursuer 1946
    • Rajah (scrapped as Ulysses) 1975
    • Ranee (scrapped as Breeze) 1974
    • Ruler 1947
    • Searcher (scrapped as Oriental Banker) 1976
    • Stalker (scrapped as Lobito) 1975


USA

BALTIMORE

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Striker 1946


Battler 1946

NEW ORLEANS

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Archer (scrapped as Union Reliance) 1962


YUGOSLAVIA

SPLIT

Aircraft carriers scrapped at this yard (and scrap date):

    • Empire MacKendrick "MO" (Vassil Levsky) 1975

 

FURTHER INFORMATION

 

SEARCH SHIP BREAKERS WORLWIDE
ship2Break

 

International shipbreaking limited

 

Maritime Global Net: associations & societies, broker’s exchange, government
resources, employment, intermodal transportation, marine transportation, news
& events, online store (software & publications), products & services, world
ports, industry discussions

 

Ships world web site- the gateway to maritime business

 

ARK ROYAL: Decommissioned 4 Dec 1978. Preservation effort failed; sold 1980 and subsequently scrapped.

 

CYDEBUILT - The Scottish Maritime Museum, Braehead (UK)

CLYDEBUILT - The Scottish Maritime Museum at Braehead (opened 1999). The “Clydebuilt” exhibition charts the development of Glasgow and the Clyde from 1700 to the present day. It focuses on the development of trade, industry and its infrastructure, but only covers
those elements which have a strong maritime connection.
Further information 0141 886 1013 or 01294 278283

Sezard (India)

The second hand marine machinery and equipment were abundantly available in India thanks to its largest ship scrap yard in the world. Sezard have advance information regarding new arrival of ships at ship breaking yard.

The Chamber of Shipping

 

THE ROYAL INSTITUTION OF NAVAL ARCHITECTS

 

Committee of European Union Shipbuilders' Associations

Association of European Shipbuilders and Shiprepairers (AWES).

Shipbuilders and Ship-repairers Association (SSA)

 

Mermaid maritime information

 

INTERNET SHIPS Register Internet Ships Register Search (Non-subscriber)

 

Electronic Shipping Guide

 

Lloyds Register

The Lloyd’s Register was established in the eighteenth century to provide an independent form of ship classification - Register of Ships.LR holds the world’s largest database of merchant vessels, totalling some 92,000 ships of 100gt and over with up to 600 fields of data available. The database also
contains full details of the 52,000
companies involved with these
vessels and their shipbuilders (2,000
in all). Order free 30 day trial
Historic Register of Ships worldwide and Collections of the Register

LLP datashop: Lloyd's Maritime Information Services (LMIS)

LLP datashop: Lloyd's Maritime Information Services (LMIS), will shortly be opening this Datashop site for direct sales of shipping data. On display is a preview of the way we have combined the databases of both Lloyd's Register (LR) and LLP Limited into a single coherent product range.

Marine and Naval Databases:  Databases | Web Sites

 

Hong Kong United Dockyards Limited

Port is an online catalogue of high quality maritime related Internet resources.

 

Maritime Global Net

 

Haze Gray Shipbuilding Pages- World Aircraft Carrier Lists and Photo Gallery - from 1913 to 2000. Naval History Information Center, Haze Gray & Underway

Explore the history of the US shipbuilding industry, with a focus on the  Quincy Fore River Shipyard. American based World Aircraft Carrier Lists & Photo Gallery - one of the definitive online sources for British and world aircraft carrier & seaplane tender data, histories and images - over 1000 photos. 

Sturtivant, R & Ballance, T  (1994). 'The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm' Published by Air Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994 ISBN: 0 85130 223 8

The World’s Warships 1941 by Francis E. McMurtrie (1944). Janes London 1941 1st ed. 

Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II by Francis E. McMurtrie (Editor)(1944). 320 pages. Crescent Books; ISBN: 0517679639

 

 

       Created: 23-2-2001, Last modified 3-6-2005



 
 

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