INDEX OF NAVAL 

AIRCRAFT CARRIERS

 

 
HMS ARIGUANI

 Fighter Aircraft Catapult Auxillary ship

 
 
CAM ship with Hurricane on catapult

History


Ariguani was a Catapult Armed ship or Fighter Catapult ship. It was a representative of the Pegasus Class consisting of Ariguani, Maplin, Patia, Pegasus and Springbank with FAA aircraft. Each of these merchantmen were equipped with one Fleet Air Arm or RAF fighter and a temporary catapult. When threatened by enemy planes, the fighter took off. When it was done, it ditched, and the pilot was (theoretically) picked up by the merchant ship's convoy.
As an interim measure until more escort carriers could be made, selected British or Dominion merchant ships were fitted with an obsolescent Hawker Hurricane fighter to protect the ship convoys against air attack or reconnaisance overflights. The pilot was the only Fleet Air Arm or RAF crew member on board, and had little to do unless the plane was needed. If an emergency arose, the aircraft would be catapulted off to do combate, then the pilot had to ditch and be fished out of the water. Though the aircraft could only be used once, they even had their landing gear deleted to save weight, they could save a convoy from air attack.

The first catapult launch from a moving ship was by Lt.Cmdr. H.H. Mustin in a Curtiss AB-3 flying boat on 16 July, 1916, launched from the USS North Carolina (ACR-12). In the second world War the first FAA pilot shot from a catapult ship was by Lt Birrell in 1941.


Photograph of example of catapult launched aircraft - Kingfisher
Ariguani was converted to become a catapult ship in 1940, saw war service in the Atlantic.



Sea hurricane catapult launch


 


Cam Ship with Hurricane Fighter on the Catapult .. Atlantic Convoy 1942

Battle Honours
No information.

Captains
No information.

Squadrons and Aircraft
No information.

Associations and Reunions
No information.


Ship name Ariguani
Class Pegasus
Type Fighter Catapult Ship 
Ships in Class Ariguani, Maplin, Patia, Pegasus, Springbank
Launched
Tonnage
Engines
Speed in Knots
Armament
Crew Complement -
Range 
Length (ft/inches)
Beam (ft/inches)
Draught (ft/inches)  
Flight Deck length (ft/inches)
Flight Deck width (ft/inches)
Armour
Number of aircraft carried
Fate of carrier
Notes

 
 
FURTHER INFORMATION
 
British Forces. com web Information Information on RN Ships: Aircraft Carriers index by British-Forces.com
World Aircraft Carrier Lists and Photo Gallery - from 1913 to 2000. Naval History Information Center, Haze Gray & Underway American based World Aircraft Carrier Lists & Photo Gallery - one of the definitive online sources for British and world aircraft carrier & seaplane tender data, histories and images - over 1000 photos. 
Sturtivant, R & Ballance, T  (1994). 'The Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm' Published by Air Britain (Historians) Ltd, 1994 ISBN: 0 85130 223 8

The World’s Warships 1941 by Francis E. McMurtrie (1944). Janes London 1941 1st ed. 

Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II by Francis E. McMurtrie (Editor)(1944). 320 pages. Crescent Books; ISBN: 0517679639

 
 
        Last Modified: 23-2-2001



 
 

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