INDEX OF NAVAL AIRCRAFT
All re-coded V-77 postwar
The Stinson AT-19s Reliant ( Stinson Reliant SR) was built by the Americans for the British during WWII. This type represents the end of the famous Stinson Gullwing design that includes four different models dating back to 1936. The Stinson Reliant was also produced in improved models, SR-1 through SR-6 which, though still called Reliant, had a different wing design from the SR. Development culminated in the classic SR-9F "Gull Wing", many of which flew in Canada.
The military version , the AT-19 (UC-91 in RN), served with the USAAF and US Navy pre-war. Although commercial production ceased on America's entry into World War II, 500 Reliants were built during 1942-1943 in a modified and more powerful form for use by the Royal Navy.
During the post-war era, the Stinson AT-19 Reliant was repatriated by
the United States and put on the commercial market. Because the war-surplus
Gullwings were so inexpensive, US$1,500 each, commercial air carriers in
Alaska bought sizable quantities for their feeder-line routes. The Stinson
AT-19 was a rugged aircraft powered by reliable and readily available Lycoming
R680, 300 HP radial engines. This made the aircraft a good candidate for
bush operations where short gravel runways were the norm. In addition to
Alaska Airlines, the Stinson AT-19 types were used by Northern Consolidated
Airlines, Wien Airlines and Munz Northern Airlines in Nome. It wsas also
recoignised as being a type of airplane suited to Canadian bush operations,
however only one was imported before World War II. A second Reliant entered
Canada in 1953. This airplane was not retired until 1973.
The Fleet Air Arm Stinson Reliant I was the Royal Navy equivalent of the AT-19. In total the FAA received 500 lend-lease aircraft which were used as an advanced trainer, and all were the military version. The first to be delivered was FB544 to theStation Flight Henstridge in June 1944. This was closerly followed by the fierst squadron being equipped with the Reliant, 759 squadron in August 1944.
About 415 aircraft were returned to Norfolk, VA, USA in February 1946. After the war the US authorities attempted to sell the former Fleet Air Arm Reliants as "war surplus", but no one could buy them because the AT-19 had never been certified as a Civilian Aircraft. Vultee bought them all up and certified them as the V-77. This was Vultee's 77th design. As a result all of the wartime Reliants are known as V77's instead of SR-10s. Vultee had to "remanufacture" them to comply with the type certificate. This consisted of removing the military equipment, painting over the British roundels, painting on a US "N" civil number and selling them. All the V77's show a manufacture date in 1946 and the factory started new logs, so the military logs are not associated with the individual airplanes.
Fleet Air Arm history
Total FAA 1939-1945: 500
First delivered to RN: 1944
First squadron 1939-1945: 759 sqdn 1944
Operational squadron: None
Last served with RN postwar up until 1946. All returned to USA
250 Stinson AT-19 Reliant I under Contract No. DA1072-10
Serial Numbers: FB523-FB772. Ex USAAF 43-43964-44213
First 6.44 Station Flight Henstridge (FB544)
First sqdn 759 sqdn at Yeovilton 8.44-4.45
Last 415 aircraft returned to Norfolk, VA USA in Feb 1946.
250 Stinson AT-19 Reliant I under Contract No. DA-1072
Serial Numbers: FK814-FL163. Ex USAAF 43-43964-44213
First 5.1943 752 sqdn at Piarco (FK814)
With over 400 former Fleet Air Arm aircraft returned to the USA after the war as reverse Lend-Lease, many Reliants have survived around the world, and may be as many as 120 RN survivors. However, little research has been undertaken and only a few of the aircraft have confirmed RN history including at least 3-4 former Fleet Air Arm Stinsons. See the World Stinson Database Page.
Known surviving former Fleet Air Arm Reliants include:
The known former FAA Stinson is FB536 which was recorded as being delivered from Anthorn to SF Zeals on 15 June 1945. It later became OO-NUT then SE-BZP and was for sale in Norway in 1995.
- FB536 extant now as SE-BZP (Sweden)
- FB605 extant in US marked "FK810" returned postwar to US as BuAer 11608. In WWIII RNARY Coimbatore Ferry Flight 1944-1945.
- FK882 extant at the War Eagles Air Museum (USA)
- FB644 extant at Tucson in 1987. N87675. Returned to US postwar as BuAer11406 (c/n 77-372). In WWII was part of Station Flight Crimond 1945.
- Another former Fleet Air Arm Stinson, N-70012 has been under restoration for display status by Air Restoration Inc, Museum and Aircraft Restoration Facility
Former Fleet Air Arm Reliant N-70010 airworthy till 1991 under restoration by Air Restoration Inc (USA).
Fleet Air Arm Reliant AT19 FK882 preserved at the War Eagles Air Museum (USA)
War Eagles Air Museum RELIANT: The Museumís "AT-19 Reliant" served with the British Fleet Air Arm under the Lend-Lease programme. It was used for navigator, observation, training, communications, and covert operations in northern Europe. The aircraft also saw service in Ceylon, Trinidad, Australia, China, and India by the end of WWII.
Another former Fleet Air Arm Stinson, N-70010 has been under restoration for display status by Air Restoration Inc, Museum and Aircraft Restoration Facility on consignment from "MARC". Aircraft was flown to Air Heritage in 1991 as part of agreement with Mr. Tallichet. To look at the airplane it seemed to be in pristine condition. But after inspection panels were removed for maintenance it was discoverd that corrosion was in fact taking control of the airplane. It was then decided to do a total tear down of the aircraft. As with many tail draggers left outside unattended the corrosion was the worst in the rear areas of the wing and tail. Also the wood working in the floor and other areas such as forming stringers was not in the best of shape. Also during its life since leaving the Royal Navy, the cabin area had been changed to a more accepted civil version. It was decided to return the cabin area to as close as when it served including reinstalling the camera and mount. Micro-film from the Smithsonian provided the information. Work has been slow over the last seven years but the aircraft is very close to going back together.
In addition there are often Reliants sold on the market and it is even poossible to have please rides in Reliants. Others take part in the Air Venture Oshkosh and in the AirVenture 2000 Antique Awards one of the winners was Stinson Reliant SR-6A (NC15127)
Canadian Bushplane Heritage Centre: Preserved Stinson Reliant CF-BGN The Stinson SR-9 first flew in 1937. CF-BGN originally flew with the Ontario Provincial Air Service and was obtained by the CBHC from Green Airways in Red Lake, Ontario and is currently being restored as a static display.