INDEX OF NAVAL AIRCRAFT
Photograph of Hurricane prototype K5083 which first flew 6 11.1935
The Hurricat were mounted on and launched from a catapult at the ship's bows, the Hurricane was flown off on what was usually a one-way flight: after providing defence for the convoy there was no where for the pilot to land, which meant he was obliged to bailout, or ditch his aircraft as near as possible to the convoy, hoping to be picked up. Not all CAM ship aircraft were FAA Hurricanes, the RAF converted and operated a few of its own Hurricanes. The provision of long-range drop-tanks beneath the wings, introduced in August 1941 after the CAM-ships had been provided with more powerful catapults for the higher gross weight.
The Sea Hurricane Mk I were followed by about 300 Mk Is converted to
Sea Hurricane Mk IB configuration, these having catapult spools plus a
V-frame arrester hook: in addition 25 Mk IIA were modified as Sea Hurricane
IB or Hooked Hurricane II fighters. Their initial role was a considerable
improvement on CAM-ship deployment, for from October 1941 they began to
go to sea aboard MAC-ships, these being large Merchant ships fitted with
a small flight deck.
Fleet Air Arm history
Hawker Sea Hurricane
Total FAA 1939-1945 443
Total Sea Hurricane Ia 50
Total Sea Hurricane Ib 290
Total Sea Hurricane II 42
Total Sea Hurricane IIc 60
First delivered to RN: Feb 1941
First squadron 1939-1945: 760 sqdn 1941, 880 sqdn 1941
Operational squadron: 880 sqdn 1941
Last served with RN 1945 - East Kirby dump 1956/57 (NF670).
Various 18 transfers from RAF, including many conversions to Sea Hurricane MkI variants fitted with 1,030hp R-R Merlin III, Mk II variants with 1,289hp R-R Merlin XX
1.41 (W9237), 2.41 W9215, at Yeovilton 3.41 (L1663)
First sqdn 760 sqdn Yeovilton P3829 in 5.41
First op sqdn: 880 sqdn 15.3.41 (W9219), 804 sqdn 4.41 at Yeovilton (W9182), 800 sqdn 6.41 , 880 sqdn
6.41 (P3925), 804 sqdn 6.41 (L1895), 759/760 sdns Yeovilton (N2352)
Last in RN: 774 sqdn LF630 on 2.45, 771 sqdn 1.45 LF704. LF630 returned to RAF at BAFO
Communications Flight 6.45
Most op sqdn Last used the type in 1943-44.
RCAF 325 (Hurricane I)(ex RCAF) To RNDA 5MU 6.9.42
60 Hawker Sea Hurricane IIc ordered under Contract
no Acft/2719 from Hawker, Langley.
serial Numbers: NF668 to NF739
36 to TOC Yeovilton SS 12.42
First sqdn 12.42 to 804 sqdn NF672, 804 sqdn on 1.43 NF670 (a number to 804 sqdn early in 1943)
Last East Kirby dump 1956/57 (NF670). Remains at Henry Bath and Sons Dump, Kirkby 5.1957
Last op sqdn most to 1944 , very few to 1945
Sea Hurricane IIc of 835 Squadron, HMS Nairana, 1944
The Fleet Air Arm Sea Hurricane saw significant operational activities in many theatres of the war. They were involved in Operation Harpoon, Operation Pedestal to Malta, Operation Ironclad to Madagascar and in convoy duties where the aircraft claimed a high number of enemy aircraft shot down, the CAM ship Hurricats alone claimed six enemy aircraft destroyed in the last five months of 1941, the first success coming on 3 August 1941, when Lt RWH Everett intercepted and destroyed a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor. Another typical operation was with FAA Hurricane W9215 flown by Sub Lt CW Walker of 804 squadron who took part in Convoy HG73. The aircraft was launched from Maplin on 14 September 1941 to drive away a Fw200, the pilot baling out into sea 100 miles southwest of Eire. He was later picked up by HMS Rochester and his aircraft lost.
The Sea Hurricane's most famous action was fought during August 1942, when aircraft serving with 801, 802 and 885 squadrons aboard the carriers HMS Indomitable, HMS Eagle and HMS Victorious, joined with Fairey Fulmars and Grumman Martlets to protect a vital convoy to Malta, in Operation Pedestal. During three days of almost continuous attack by an Axis force of bombers, torpedo-bombers and escorting fighters, 39 enemy aircraft were destroyed for the loss of eight naval fighters.
Fleet Air Arm Sea Hurricanes were also adept at hunting and attacking German submarines. Hurricane NF732 flown by Sub Lt WA John of 825 squadron with BX126 and JS272 attacked a U-boat on 22 August 1944. The next day, Hurricane NF732 flown by Sub Lt DR Johnston of 825 squadron attacked a U-boat on 23 August 1944. Also on 23 August, Hurricane NF680 flown by Lt Cdr WDD MacDonald of 825 squadron on HMS Vindex, attacked another U-Boat.
There are currently 53 extant Hurricane Extant airframes, including 7 replicas. This includes a total of 5 acknowledged former Fleet Air Arm Sea Hurricanes. Sea Hurricane IB Z7015 Shuttleworth Collection, Duxford G-BKTH, Sea Hurricane XIIA BW853/G-BKRE) (used to re-build BW881), and Sea Hurricane XIIA BW881 Private, Milden (G-KAMM)(See The Hawker Hurricane - the RAF's forgotten fighter star of the Battle of Britain for additional list of extant Hurricanes).
Hawker Restoration Ltd., Sudbury, Colchester, Suffolk (UK) has four Hurricanes under various stages of restoration including Sea Hurricane X – AE977 (G-TWTD).
Fleet Air Arm Sea Hurricane Ib Z7015 of Shuttleworth Collection at Duxford was formerly of 880 and 801 squadrons between 1941-1942. It was at Loughborough College 1954-1959. It is currently airworthy and routinely flying at Duxford and on the airshow circuit.
Restored Sea Hurricane Z7015